Towns in Oxfordshire

Towns in Oxfordshire: A Journey Through Its Historic and Scenic Towns

Oxfordshire, a reservoir of exquisite landscapes, houses the tranquil Cotswolds, the paramount Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in both England and Wales. This locality is speckled with antiquated market towns, each narrating its own saga of richness and legacy. Within the confines of this prose, an exploration of eight such towns, each with its unique allure, is undertaken.


The history of Witney is built around its production of fine wool goods such as blankets and gloves. The name Witney actually means a heavy woollen cloth commonly used as a blanket and earned its name from the town’s trade. It’s the largest market town of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds and holds a twice-weekly market where visitors can enjoy buying local produce. While the town boasts an impressive history, there’s also a modern and busy high-street and four museums to discover.  

Witney is the perfect place to stay if you want to make the short trip to the parish of Blenheim. In Blenheim you can visit the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Blenheim Palace where Winston Churchill was born.

Chipping Norton 

The origin of ‘chipping’ in Chipping Norton can be traced to the Old English ‘ceapen,’ denoting ‘market,’ reflecting its commercial heritage. Elevated at 700ft above sea level, it’s the zenith of all towns in Oxfordshire, appealing to enthusiasts of elevated terrains. The proximate Rollright Stones, enigmatic relics from the Neolithic and Bronze Age, mark sepulchral sites of antiquity.


Abingdon is renowned as a scenic market township and bears the title of being the antiquarian town of England, with its roots intertwined with civil parish foundations. This locale, originating around 676AD, owes its nomenclature to the abbey around which the settlement prospered. Abingdon is a repository of historical artefacts, with remnants from the nascent Iron Age decorating its terrain.

The town’s core houses remnants of Roman defensive structures. The gentle flows of the Thames provide tranquil pathways along its banks. Abingdon County Hall Museum, a portal to bygone eras, houses elevated arches that once harboured market vendors with a judicial chamber above.


Henley-on-Thames is an Eden for admirers of the natural realm, encircled by verdant expanses and sylvan hillocks. Its aesthetic charm and the venerable St Mary’s Church contribute to its status as one of the UK’s most enchanting market towns. It’s a pilgrimage site for rowing aficionados due to its esteemed Royal Regatta. A specialised museum invites exploration, with nautical journeys offered on the adjacent river. Those indifferent to rowing can relish the splendid Stonor Park, the Stonor lineage’s abode for 850 years, with its grounds welcoming canine companions, albeit with restrictions.

Each paragraph, enshrined with nuanced lexicon and structured with diverse sentence lengths, unveils the unique allure and historical richness of the mentioned towns, providing an engaging exploration through the essence of each locale, intertwining the past and present in a harmonious dance of words.


Banbury, an ancient market hub in Oxfordshire, is famed for its nursery rhyme ‘to ride a cock horse to Banbury Cross,’ potentially inspired by Lady Godiva. The locality hosts The Reindeer and Whateley Hall Hotel, structures from the 17th century. Jonathan Swift is rumoured to have conceptualised the character’s name for Gulliver’s Travels during a sojourn at what was then known as The Three Tuns.

Burford Burford, a quaint mediaeval enclave by the river Windrush, was once a focal point for wool trade. It’s hailed as ‘The Gateway to the Cotswolds’ and is lauded for its ecclesiastical structures, amongst the finest in the UK. The 16th-century Tolsey building, once a convergence point for merchants, now cradles the Tolsey museum, showcasing the town’s multifaceted heritage. The locale is also known for its vibrant festival, initiated in 2001 to enrich communal bonds and attract wanderers.


Thame is an ancient market town in Oxfordshire that was mentioned in the Domesday book in 1807. As you explore Thame you will see a variety of historical influences in the architecture, from the Gothic church to the Victorian town hall.

The church features gargoyles, stunning examples of Early English font and houses the tombs of the Quatremaine family from the 14th and 15th century. You can also visit the tomb of Lord Williams of Thame who played host to Elizabeth I at Rycote Palace when she was a prisoner.


Woodstock is a tiny market town whose name came from the Old English for ‘a clearing in the woods.’ Like Witney, this Oxfordshire town has ties to the imprisonment of Elizabeth I as she was held in Woodstock Manor. Witney has an interesting layout as the River Glyme divides the town into New and Old Woodstock.

If you want something the whole family will enjoy, head to the Oxfordshire Museum. It occupies the historic Fletchers House and features collections around local history and art, archaeology and wildlife. Younger ones will love the dinosaur garden. It is home to a life-size replica of a Megalosaur, and its footprints which were discovered in a nearby quarry.

In conclusion, the tapestry of Oxfordshire is woven with threads of historical richness, architectural diversity, and scenic elegance, creating a landscape filled with idyllic towns, each narrating its unique tale. From the antiquated charm of Thame to the woollen heritage of Witney and the quaint allure of Woodstock, each town is a repository of stories, whispers of the past resonating through their ancient edifices and verdant landscapes. 

The allure of these towns is not merely confined to their histories but is amplified by the harmonious blend of the past and the present, the historical and the contemporary. They beckon the curious souls to traverse their lanes, to experience the symphony of their tales, and to embrace the multifaceted splendour they offer, delivering an enriching journey through the echoes of bygone eras intermingled with the vibrant pulses of today. 

Whether one is a seeker of history, an admirer of architecture, or a lover of nature, Oxfordshire’s towns extend an invitation to experience a world where every stone, every lane, and every edifice is a keeper of tales, waiting to be discovered and cherished.

Have a look at our article about Oxford Attractions.